First of all, we need to understand, what is ancient Chinese arts and crafts?
The ancient Chinese arts and crafts is the general term of the Chinese people's artificial creation created by various material materials and process technology under different historical conditions to meet their material needs and spiritual needs. It is an important part of the Chinese national modeling art. It not only reflects the general essential characteristics of arts and crafts, and maintains the unity of practicality and aesthetic in connotation and form, but also shows the distinctive personality of the Chinese national culture itself. With its long history, unique style, superb skills and rich and diverse forms, Chinese arts and crafts create a chapter full of wisdom and spiritual light for the entire human culture. Crafts and crafts have material civilization and spiritual civilization. Although it is not pure art, creating does not take shocking people or moral preaching, but its impact on people is not less than pure art. Because people can not appreciate pure art, they do not have to appreciate it specifically, but it always provides formal languages and cultivates the basic aesthetic consciousness of people in a subtle way. The ancient Chinese arts and crafts enjoyed the honor. It has long been a carrier of Chinese civilization. While outsiders use Chinese arts and crafts, they also subtlely recognize Chinese civilization. (Refer to "Tiandong")
The word arts and crafts has a long -lasting craftsmanship, rich in local and national characteristics, and reflects the traditional arts and crafts of Chinese classical culture. , Metallurgical, Dyeing, editing, carving, carpentry, decorative crafts, and so on. Metal craftsmanship is one of the excellent traditional national skills of China. Metal craftsmanship is a special category of Chinese arts and art. It mainly includes Jingtai Lan (Jingtai Lan is made of a pattern with fine flat copper wire, welded on the copper tire, and then filled with color glaze. (Also known as "copper tire painting enamel", the difference from Jingtailan is not to sting up, but after using copper tires, apply a layer of white glaze on the carcass, paint with glaze colors after sintering, fill it in two or three times after two or three times. Color, sintering, gold plating, and polishing after correction.), Filament inlaid (also known as "fine gold technology". It is made of gold, silver and other materials, inlaid with various gems, pearls, or made of weaving techniques. .) Copper craftsmanship (Copper craftsmanship is a unique folk crafts in Yunnan. It uses high -grade copper -based alloy raw materials, which is made by casting type, precision grinding, and complicated post -processing processing. There are spots, expensive in thick ", brown -red surface presents bizarre, magnificent mottled, and delicately unique, can be called the crown of metal crafts.), Tin craftsmanship, iron painting (also known as iron flowers, so as to use it, so as to use it. Low charcoal steel is raw material, and various decorative paintings made of iron and iron welding.), Gold and silver jewelry, and so on.
This Chinese metal art has a long history, a variety of varieties, exquisite skills, and unique style. It is a brilliant treasure of the Chinese nation and the crystallization of China's excellent cultural tradition. I think that China's metal crafts have changed from ancient times to the present. Compared with the development of other Chinese arts and crafts categories, this is a state of sorrow and no despair, a state of development.
The metal process has also occupied very large demand. This will not be used to use plastic instead of lacquerware in our current life, instead of ceramics with glass, replacing traditional fabrics with industrial printing and dyeing fabrics, and so on. We now have a lot of bars, villas, environmental sculptures, green landscape fences, etc. These all need to use many traditional metal processes to follow the means of ride, and promote the metal process to develop it. There is a difference, making the metal process more beautiful, and more today's industries, humanities, public aesthetics, or the materials and technology services provided by the creation of artists. However, today's metal craftsmanship is almost destroyed by hand. These contents are only completed through industrial means to use machines and technology. The traditional hand -made metal craft products we can see that we can see may only be produced indoors in some art colleges or metal handmade studios.
The metal technology led by pure technology will emerge in large quantities. Such a situation will inevitably make our society have more business opportunities about metal craftsmanship. The emergence of business opportunities will drive the demand for this process. It will increase changes in the type of process itself. To achieve the purpose that we could not achieve through handicrafts before. In ancient times, our ancestors basically only made weapons and tableware with metals, or women's decorations and room decorations. Today, the metal technology is so large that it is used as a building -chipped high -rise building, aerospace navigation tools, and scientific instruments can not be seen as small as the naked eye. The electrical appliances need it, the store decoration needs it, the urban sculpture requires it, the rotating stairs in the house need it ...
The ancient Chinese people are fascinated by metallurgical technology. They are obsessed with finding metal technology to create The decoration brought by different properties. However, the achievements of ancient Chinese metal technology and its position in science and technology have not fully understood the world and even the Chinese themselves. China's bronze wares have long been famous, but until the early 1960s, the casting technology of Shang and Zhou Bronze was still regarded as the mystery of difficulty. The ancients of China are more loyal to the decoration of metal craftsmanship. Take the Chinese women's buns as an example. There are many forms of buns in ancient women, but it does not pay attention to its functionality. In the Ming Dynasty, Feng Jinjin Zan; the Song Dynasty, the golden chair, was like a fork, and there were two puppets with pins; the four butterflies of the Tang Dynasty shake; Those who are sparse, the sparse person is used to comb the hair, and the one is tightly called to remove the dirt, and so on. Nowadays, the metal crafts in our lives are more concise and pay more attention to its performance. If there are: black metal two -petal hairpin, it can be used by young girls to old grandma. Spring -type hair clip; trap -shaped hairpin, etc.;
In addition to the use of these metal processes, we can see that the metal process is created and designed by the metal process. More and more artists and designers like to use metals as materials for their artistic creation. For example, the well -known Nordic furniture design IKEA, and also likes to use metal technology to make some metal furniture, such as the bed. In China, our Grand Art College also strives to cultivate a large number of metal crafts. And there are special contemporary metal art exhibitions. For example, the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the School of Fine Arts of Tsinghua University, the Academy of Fine Arts and Crafts held a metal art exhibition at the Academy of Fine Arts from October 26th to November 5th. At their college, with the establishment of the Department of Arts of the Academy of Fine Arts, after decades of gradual improvement and development, the two distinctive professional directions of metal art and jewelry art have been formed. Their works, these metal art works also reflect the connotation of traditional Chinese culture to varying degrees. (Refer to the "Modern Art Design Series" - "Gold Gong Art")
During this field inspection, I went to 50 Mogan Mountain Road and went to see the "Tie Dad" studio The artist of this studio has made some of the seemingly abandoned metal materials into some toy -style works, including the horns of singing Peking Opera to get a big knife, as well as the European knights, the little dinosaurs, the colorful iron bell at the door, etc. , They are very interesting and vivid, and turn waste copper and iron into treasures. This is a pioneering work with a good environmental protection concept. In the face of increasingly exhaustive resources, art should be used as a kind of thing to be sent to people. In the form of its form, people who have not yet realized the problem. In the future, we should take more consideration in environmental protection. Metals should not be manufactured unlimited. In this case, there will always be exhausted, so it should be used repeatedly. This "iron buddy" came out of the pace of hope and turned a bunch of exhaust metals into a very decorative artwork. It is worth thinking and learning.
. I also focused on interviews and contacted the comprehensive material modeling studio of the Academy of Fine Arts of Shanghai University. Teacher Guo has a master's degree in literature and art from Indian University in the United States. She uses metal crafts to do "artistic jewelry" and use art jewelry as the form of artistic creation. Art Jewelry is the most avant -garde artistic expression of jewelry design. It is rooted in modern art. She taught students to design jewelry shapes to be creative and create artistic and personalized things. Art jewelry can be expressed by a variety of different materials and is not restricted, and metal is the most common and most commonly used in art jewelry. She said that metal craftsmanship has been lost in Chinese tradition. This is a very regrettable thing. In the West, high -speed development of technology has not killed handmade art. There are gold industry art courses in many art colleges in the West. Many Golden Engineering Courses are studied as the same professional as jewelry as jewelry. A full -handed teapot takes nearly two months to knock out. In the modern handicraft movement, hand -forged tableware and utensils are the perfect combination of modern design concepts and traditional handicrafts. (Reference "Guo Xin: College of Teachers' Works of the School of Fine Arts of Shanghai University")
The metal process means led by technology can be said to be a "processed" metal process. This requires us to practice through the brain and handicrafts. The so -called "creative" combines each other, and later affects the development of the former. So as people's artistic cultivation improves, metal craftsmanship will go better and better from ancient times. And create a future more brilliant metal creation.
Architecture is also related to art.
Strong, beautiful, applicable,
Architectural art: Through architectural group organizations, the shape, plane layout, facade form, structure method, The comprehensive art formed by the treatment of space tissue, decoration, and color internal and external space tissue, decoration, and color. three elements: sturdy, beautiful, and applicable. This is the three standards proposed by ancient Greek architects. classification: civil buildings, public buildings, commemorative buildings, industrial buildings, garden buildings, bridge buildings
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